The New Testament - Disciples Path Ministry

Disciples Path Ministry
St. Augustine, Florida
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Genesis
The New Testament
 This page is under construction but I want to offer information as the article is built in case it can help you
This is being offered as an overview of The New Testament as a whole and then an overview of the Gospel Books in The New Testament
 


Let me begin by encouraging you, a Disciple of Christ Jesus, to not take my word or anyone else’s word, with the exception of God the Father, as authority or absolute truth.  You must do your own research and study to make the informed opinions that will become your individual foundation for further research and study.  While pursuing my doctoral degree I was often reminded of a statement made by Isaac Newton. That we, as scholars (?), must stand on the shoulders of the giants who have come before us. Let’s also be reminded that, “[k]nowledge progresses not toward the definitive but toward the infinite” (Popova).  From me to you, I would like to strongly encourage you to continually search and re-search for the most accurate information available as often as possible from multiple sources.  It is fine to have ones favorite “go-to” books, websites, authors, mentors, etc. but never allow yourself to get comfortable with those “go-tos” ( is go-tos even a word, I digress).  The world gains new information daily, and there are many who want to share that new information with you.

The heading The New Testament needs some characterization here.  What is a testament? Our word testament is based on the Latin testamentum. The Hebrew b'rit  and the Greek diatheke  were considered by the translators to be the equivalent of the Latin testamentum. A testament in biblical use is generally described and accepted as a covenant or dispensation.  The term covenant is of Latin origin (con venire), meaning an agreement or coming together.  Gleaned from Bible Study Tools: The biblical words most often translated covenant are b'rit in the Old Testament (appearing about 280 times) and diatheke in the New Testament (at least 33 times). B'rit — or B'rit Chadashah [The New Covenant of Adoni] is Hebrew for The New Testament.  According to hebrew4christians, “Like the Tanakh, it can be divided into three main parts: Gospels/Acts (corresponding to Torah), Letters (corresponding to Ketuvim), and Revelation (corresponding to Nevi'im). Diatheke can mean both testament and covenant, depending on the context. The term dispensation in biblical use is the Greek word oikonomia. According to Bible Study Tools, “The Greek word Oikonomia so translated signifies primarily, a stewardship, the management or disposition of affairs entrusted to one.”
 
Why have a New Testament?  What was wrong with the Old Testament? Let’s agree for the sake of this response that the word testament will mean agreement.  I found it of importance, for my understanding and clarification, to keep in mind that The Old Testament for Hebrews is named The Law and the Prophets —and rightfully so I might add. So The Law and the Prophets bears witness to God’s agreement(s) with His selected people. This title, The Law and the Prophets looks at the Old Testament from the standpoint of its divisions. The Pentateuch, History, Poetry or Writings, Major Prophets, and Minor Prophets are the divisions of The Law and the Prophets (The Old Testament). Briefly speaking, The Law and the Prophets was composed over roughly a thousand year period. The term commonly used for the first five Books of The Law and the Prophets is The Pentateuch. It is my understanding that:
 
·         Moses is attributed with writing the first five Books
 
·         The Hebrew-speaking Jewish community referred to the first five Books as “The Law,” “Torah,” or “The Law of Moses.”
 
·         The Pentateuch was the first collection of literature acknowledged as Scripture by the Hebrew community (CBN).

 
The historical Books have a common thread in that they are rather prophetic  by nature.  They all appear to describe how the blessings as well as the curses of the covenant are clearly connected to ones obedience to God.
 
The Poetic and Wisdom Writings are, “Unlike classical and modern poetry, ancient Hebrew poetry has no distinctive scheme of accentuation, meter, or rhythm to differentiate it from prose. It is noted for its parallelism, or the counterbalancing of ideas in phrases” (CBN). These Books all have a common thread in that they ALL demonstrate that the Hebrews new that wisdom only comes to those that completely submit to God and God’s will.
 
The Major Prophets earned that distinction of “Major” due only to the amount of text contained in those five long Books of prophecy, not because they were any more important than the Minor Prophets. According to Bible.org, “The prophet’s primary duty was to speak forth God’s message to God’s people in the historical context of what was happening among God’s people…’ “[t]he prophet was the divinely chosen spokesman who, having received God’s message, proclaimed it in oral, visual, or written form to the people. For this reason, a common formula used by the prophets was, ‘Thus says the Lord.”
 
The Minor Prophets title apparently originated in Saint Augustine’s time (late fourth century A.D.), but they are minor only in that they are each much shorter than the prophecies written in The Major Prophets.
     I found that the above OT information was integral in helping to understanding the NT.  

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